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当前位置:苘麻,作麻绳的好原料
[来源:www.syuan-lab.com] [作者:aoutmy] [日期:17-12-08]

它浑身是宝,可农民以为是野草,见一棵砍一棵 Its whole body is treasure, but farmers thought it was grass, see a tree cut down a tree 苘(qǐng)麻,又名白麻,通称青麻、野麻、野苎麻、八角乌、孔麻 。果实也有叫麻果的。这一种常见的药材,全身都是宝,可农民都不知道,见一棵砍一棵。 Qing (q ǐ ng), also known as white linen, formerly called abutilon, wild, wild ramie, octagon Worcester, hemp. The fruit has called hemp fruit. Is this a kind of common herbs, the whole body is treasure, but farmers don't know, see a tree cut down a tree. 苘麻是一年生亚灌木草本,茎枝被柔毛。叶圆心形,边缘具细圆锯齿,两面均密被星状柔毛;叶柄被星状细柔毛;托叶早落。花单生于叶腋,花梗被柔毛;花萼杯状,裂片卵形;花黄色,花瓣倒卵形。蒴果半球形,种子肾形,褐色,被星状柔毛。花期7-8月。中国除青藏高原不产外,其他各省区均产,东北各地有栽培。常见于路旁、荒地和田野间。分布于越南、印度、日本以及欧洲、北美洲等地区。本种的茎皮纤维色白,具光泽,可编织麻袋、搓绳索、编麻鞋等纺织材料。种子含油量约15-16%,供制皂、油漆和工业用润滑油;全草可作药用。 Abutilon is annual and shrubs herb, bark was pilose. Leaves round, heart-shaped, edge smooth round toothed, both surfaces densely stellate pilose; Fine stellate pilose on petiole; Stipule falls earlier. Flowers solitary, axillary peduncle pilose; Calyx cup-shaped, lobes ovate; Flowers yellow, petals obovate. Capsule hemispherical, seed kidney-shaped, brown, stellate pilose. Flowering July and August. In addition to the qinghai-tibet plateau is not produced in China, other provinces and regions were made, the northeast around cultivation. Common in the road, between the desert and fields. In Vietnam, India, Japan and Europe, North America and other regions. The species of the bark fiber color white, glossy, woven sacks, lay, weaving linen textile material, such as shoes. About 15-16%, seed oil content for soap, paint and industrial lubricants; All the grass can make medicinal. 它的茎皮纤维可以制作麻绳、麻包、麻袋。种子(苘麻子)、全草及根入中药,种子入蒙药。全国各地都有野生或栽培;到处都有这种植物。苘麻开花后蒴果成熟为20-30天,蒴果呈半磨盘形,密生短茸毛,成熟时呈黄褐色,不完全开裂,只部分地散落种子。它属于麻类作物之一,种子含脂肪油15%~25%,叶含芸香苷0.1%,种子入药,可利尿、通乳 ;全草入药,可解毒祛风。在农村,这种草,主要生长在那些荒芜的山里,尤其是荒芜的土地里,不过很多人都不知道这种草的价值,为了种植植物便把它砍伐了!很多人一直把它当作杂草来对待,农民更是对它恨之入骨,只因为它影响庄家的生长,而且生长能力特别强。 Its bark fibers can make hemp rope, gunny sacks. Seeds (abutilon son), all the grass and roots into the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the seeds into the Mongolian. Across the country have wild or cultivated; Is filled with this kind of plant. Abutilon mature capsule for 20-30 days after flowering, capsule shape half a millstone, densely napo, golden brown when mature, incomplete craze, only partially scattered seed. It belongs to one of hemp crops, seed fatty oil 15% ~ 25%, 0.1% leaf contains rutin, seed medicine, diuresis, general milk; The whole herb medicine, but functions of detoxification. In the countryside, this kind of grass, mainly grows in the wild in the mountains, especially in the barren land, but many people do not know the value of the grass, in order to plant and put it down! Many people have to treat it as a weed, it is anathema to farmers is, just because it affects the growth of crops, and particularly strong growth ability.

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