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当前位置:钢丝绳用纤维绳芯多以植物纤维
[来源:www.syuan-lab.com] [作者:aoutmy] [日期:17-11-30]

1问题的提出 1 question put forward 钢丝绳用纤维绳芯多以植物纤维(黄麻、剑麻等)或合成纤维(聚乙烯、聚丙烯等)为原料制造而成。绳芯浸油是为了防止钢丝绳生锈,增加润滑,减少磨损,并充当储油库的作用,当钢丝绳外面的油脂流失后可通过绳芯补充。钢丝绳用纤维绳芯大多数情况下要做浸油处理(除特殊要求外),其浸油处理方式有多种:真空压力浸油(投入资金较大);直接将成捆纤维绳芯送入油锅浸泡(投入资金少);连续生产线浸油(投入资金不多且可降低工人劳动强度)等。 Cable, wire rope with a fiber more with plant fiber (jute, sisal, etc.) or synthetic fiber (polyethylene, polypropylene, etc.) as raw materials. Rope oiled to prevent rusting cable, increasing lubrication, reducing wear and tear, and ACTS as the role of oil depots, when cable, wire rope outside the loss of oil can be added. Cable, wire rope with a fiber in most cases to be oiled processing (except special), its oil immersion approach has a variety of: vacuum pressure oiled the wide (money); Directly into a bundle of fiber rope core into oil immersion (less money); Continuous production line oiled (money is not much and can reduce labor intensity of workers, etc. 原来浸油方式一直使用的是“直接将成捆纤维绳芯送入油锅浸泡”,用此方法浸油,需要长时间的浸泡才能将成捆纤维绳完全浸透油脂,但脱脂较为困难,而且偶尔会发生绳芯表面烤焦现象。由于剑麻纤维绳芯吸油效果较差,偶尔发生吸油较少(浸不透油)而影响产品质量。针对绳芯浸油出现的上述质量问题,笔者多年来在生产实践中进行了摸索、总结,对浸油工艺作了较大的改进,克服了原工艺弊端,大大提高了纤维绳芯浸油质量,更好的满足了钢丝绳用绳芯浸油的质量要求。 Original oiled way has been using the "direct immerse into a bundle of pan fiber rope core into", oiled by this method, need long time of soaking to get into a bundle of fiber rope fully saturated fat, but skim is difficult, and cable surface sear occur occasionally. Because the sisal fiber rope core oil absorption effect is poorer, less sporadic oil absorption (opaque oil leaching) and affect the quality of the product. For rope oiled the quality of the above, the author groped for many years in production practice, the summary, has made the improvement of oiled technology, overcomes the drawbacks the original process, greatly improve the quality of fiber rope core oiled and better meet the quality requirements of wire rope with wire core oiled. 2 改进前纤维芯浸油的工艺缺陷及原因 Before 2 improvement process defects and the reasons of the fiber core is oiled 2.1 缺陷 2.1 defects 改进前纤维芯浸油的工艺存在绳芯偶尔易出现浸不透油,表面烤焦,或浸油后通条含油率不均等缺陷。 To improve before the fiber core cable, oil leaching process is opaque oil, easy to occasionally occur on the surface of scorch, or oiled after cleaning rod oil content is not equal defect. 2.2 原因 2.2 the reason (1)将纤维绳芯成捆(或卷曲在花轮上)浸泡在120~130 ℃的油锅内2~4 h(根据纤维芯捆的重量而定),捆的外层经过长时间的油炸易变焦脂状(烤糊)。φ20 mm以上的剑麻绳芯在表层呈焦脂状的情况下其内层往往难以浸透油脂(无油或少许油脂),含油率经常不达标。 (1) cable, fiber bundles (or curled up on the flower round) soaked in 120 ~ 130 ℃ in pan of 2 ~ 4 h (according to the weight of the fiber core bundle), after a long bundles of the outer Fried fat easily zoom (burnt). Phi sword hemp rope core in the surface layer of more than 20 mm focal fat shaped under the condition of the lining is often difficult to saturated fat (no oil or a little oil), oil content is often not up to standard. (2)纤维绳芯在吊出油锅脱脂过程中,纤维芯捆内外温差较大(±15℃)表层冷却较快,因其脱油多依靠重力,以至表面脱脂不完全,造成绳芯通条浸油不均匀。 (2) the pan fiber rope core out in degreasing process, fiber core bundle of internal and external temperature difference is bigger (plus or minus 15 ℃) surface cooling faster, because its deoiling more depend on gravity, so that the surface degreasing incomplete, causing uneven rope core ramrod oiled. (3)由于纤维绳芯成捆浸油时间较长,通常为3~4 h,能耗高且生产效率低。 (3) due to cable, fiber bundles oiled for a long time, usually for 3 ~ 4 h, high energy consumption and low production efficiency.

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