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当前位置:传统的手艺—拧麻绳
[来源:www.syuan-lab.com] [作者:aywl] [日期:17-04-10]

在会宁,要拧的绳很多。搭棚用草绳,砌墙用线绳,抽烟点火用火绳,辘轳汲水用井绳,等等。 In huining, much of the rope. Dismantling the rope, build by laying bricks or stones wall with a cord, smoking ignition with matchlock, jigger pumping with a rope, and so on. 井绳 Twice shy 拧绳 Twist the rope 捻线,是农村的一种传统技艺,农闲时节,村里的老人们常坐在一起,边捻线,边聊天,她们用棉花或羊毛捻成很细的线,然后再去做成衣服或帕子等 Twisting, it is a kind of traditional art in the countryside, in the season, the old people often sit together in the village, twisting, and talk, they use cotton or wool twist into a very fine line, and then to make clothes or etc 用拧车拧麻绳是会宁农村曾经离不开的生存技能,所有做布鞋的麻绳都是这样拧出来的。现在已经很少有人再拧麻绳了,本视频很好的再现了拧麻绳的过程,请欣赏。 Twisted car twist hemp rope is used to leave the survival skills, huining countryside all do twine cloth shoes are turned out this way. Now few people twisted rope again, this video is very good representation of the hemp rope process, please enjoy. 捻线砣 Twisting effort 旧时手工捻棉线用具,二十世纪五六十年代农村还见使用。制作方法是在筷子方的一头串上两至三枚方孔铜钱,铜钱上方逐渐刻细即成。操作方法:一手握棉花,一手捻转线砣,待线砣转动后,两手一齐扯长棉线条,使其变成棉纱,到一定长度就把纱绕在线砣上。最后把两股纱合捻成线。 The old manual twist cotton appliance, the fifties and sixties of the 20th century rural also see use. Producing method is the chopsticks on the end of a string of two to three pieces of square hole copper wire, copper gradually carved above the fine. Operation method: cotton on one hand, tuo, twisting line after line tuo rotation, hands pull long article cotton, together make the cotton yarn, the yarn around online effort to a certain length. Finally, the two strands of yarn twist into line. 会宁的工业,虽无详细调查,但一望而知,毛织手工业的发达是如何普遍。家家户户除了操作农事或小本商业外,便是手织毛衣之类。年产毛衣也无实数目可稽,据称可出万件以上。本地的毛线质地甚佳,年产在二万斤以上。 Huining industry, although no detailed investigation, but it's how 'hair of the handicraft industry developed widely. Families in addition to operating farming or small business, is hand-woven sweaters and so on. Produce sweater also have no real number to records, purporting to pieces and above. Eg local wool quality of a material, with annual capacity of over twenty thousand jin. 麻绳 Hemp rope 绳子的出现最少可以上溯到数万年前。在人类开始有最简单的工具的时候,他们便会用草或细小的树枝绞合搓捻成绳子了。人们用它捆野兽、缚牢茅草屋、做腰带系住草裙 … The emergence of the rope at least can be traced back to tens of thousands of years ago. When humans began to have the most simple tools, they will use grass or small twist into a rope twisted branches. People use it to bundle the beast, tie up a hut, do belts fastened a grass skirt... 麻绳,多年前农家常见的一种生产必需品,后来,随着尼龙绳的出现,传统的麻绳失去市场,曾经生意兴隆的打绳业萧条了。 Hemp rope, farm many years ago a common production essentials, then, with the emergence of nylon rope, traditional hemp rope lose market, once the business is thriving played rope industry depression for a long time. 再后,出现了 “ 结绳记事 ” ,用绳子结出大大小小的疙瘩以用来记录事件。人们常说到的 “ 绳之以法 ” 这句成语,就出自《资治通鉴》。 Again, after a "chronicle" tying knots in ropes, with knotted into large and small bumps to record events. It is often said to the idiom "to justice", from "History As A Mirror". 打绳,就是将胡麻毛等材料做成坯绳,然后再将几股坯绳放置在自制的工具上,慢慢拧成一条绳。在会宁,很多老人都会打绳子,打出的绳子深受欢迎。 A rope that til MAO materials such as rope, and then place a few strands of billet rope on homemade tool, slowly twist into a rope. In huining, and a lot of the old man can play the rope, the rope is very popular. 打绳 A rope 打麻绳是历史上传下来的一项农活儿。每当春节过后备耕时,不论是一家一户小农经济时期,还是公社化时期,人们必须将春耕、夏锄、秋收、打场等一年所需的绳套准备齐全。农活儿需要麻绳的地方很多,牲畜拉犁、拉车、拉磨、拉碾的套绳,拴牲口的缰绳,种地趟地时牵引蓄力的撇绳,大车拉庄稼或秸秆时的绳等等。麻绳绝大多数是用胡麻毛打的,少数是用线麻打的。首先用经车把胡麻毛打成单股经线,然后用绳车将单股经线拧成双股绳,最后还用绳车将双股绳拧成三股绳或五股绳或七股绳。根据需要来决定麻绳的粗细拉力。随着农业机械化的发展普及,古老的弯把犁、蓄力车、石碾、石磨等被淘汰了,农村打麻绳这个传统行当在许多地方也已消失了。 A hemp rope is upload down a work history. Every time after the Spring Festival were, whether it's a small peasant economy period, or GongSheHua period, people have to wait for spring, summer hoeing, the autumn harvest, a rough year the noose preparation is complete. Farmers a lot of work needs hemp rope, livestock plough, carts, pull grinding, grinding cords, tied to bridle livestock farming and traction xu li's rope, pull cart crops or straw rope and so on. Hemp rope most are made in til MAO, a few are made with cotton and ramie thread woven. First used the handlebar til wool into single strands of meridian, then single strands of meridian with a reel, double strands of a rope, finally still use to reel will double stranded rope, five shares three strands of rope or a rope or seven strands of rope. According to the need to determine thickness of hemp rope tension. With the development of agricultural mechanization popularization, ancient curved the plough, xu li, grinding stone, stone mill, such as obsolete, rural play twine the traditional business has disappeared in many places. 打绳的方法 The method of a rope 如果农户家里的宅基地足够大,那也是打绳的好地方。在空地上埋两个一米多高的木桩,桩顶上有卡卯。在木桩等距离的地方安放一个平台,平台上安装一个三岔股。在打绳子时,将绳的胚胎放在一块结实的厚木长板上,木板上嵌有一排铁制摇把,摇把在外侧,内侧有环儿,环儿上拴着短绳,用来拴经子。另有一个薄木长板,用力地摇起来,同时给几股经子上劲儿。打绳一般需要两三个人。打绳匠一般不需要亲自下手,主要是指挥打绳子的人,把三股或四股经子分别拴在几个摇把的环儿上,把几股经子的另一头挂在另一个摇把上。这个摇把安装在一个爬犁的前边。这边的爬犁就会被拉得向前慢慢移动,尽管爬犁上还坐着一个人。当然,这是在上世纪六十年代以前的打绳法。有了架子车之后,大部分能完成三股绳打绳的工具都是依靠架子车轱辘来完成。 If farmers home land is big enough, it is good place for rope. Buried on the ground to two more than a metre high stakes, card frame on the top of the pile. Where piles equidistance placed a platform, the platform is installed on a three bifurcation. While I was playing the rope the rope embryos, in a strong long thick wood board, the wood is embedded with a row of iron crank, crank in the lateral and medial ring, ring, the short length of rope tied, tied to the child. There is another two sub-companies named seaport, long board, rolling up hard, at the same time give a few shares after the child. Playing rope usually need two or three people. Play rope maker generally do not need to personally hand, mainly is the command of the rope, the three or four shares by the child are tied to a few crank ring son, hang a few shares after the child on the other side on the other crank. The crank is installed in front of a sledge. Side of the sledge will be pulled slowly moving forward, though still a man was sitting on the sledge. Of course, this is a rope before the 1960 s. After a rack truck, most can complete three strands of rope rope tools are rely on shelves wheels to complete.

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